Author Archive for Chris Russell

How Does Wine Fermentation Work?

Fermentation is the process by which grape “must” (a fancy winemaking term for unfermented grapes or juice) transforms into wine. During fermentation, yeast—our microbiological friends—convert grape sugars into alcohol. There’s a lot more than just alcohol production going on, though. Fermentation drives complex chemical reactions that affect the flavor, aroma, and even color of the finished wine.

Read post

What Makes 2Hawks Soil So Extraordinary for Winemaking?

To make extraordinary wine, you need extraordinary grapes. The foundation—quite literally—of a vineyard that produces extraordinary grapes is the soil on which it sits. Here at 2Hawk, we’re proud of our unique terroir and the role its soil plays in making our wines memorable and distinct. In this post, we’ll explore the special contributions our soil makes to our wines.

Read post

2Hawk Vineyard & Winerys Fall 2018 Harvest Wrap-Up

2018 is drawing to a close, marking another stellar year for 2Hawk Vineyard & Winery. We’re particularly pleased to report we experienced an excellent harvest, despite some daunting challenges. Below you’ll learn what went well, what we’re excited about, and what we’re looking forward to in the future.

Read post

What Is a Winery Crush Pad?

If you’ve been around wineries long enough, you’ve probably heard the term “crush pad” at some point. A critical but easily overlooked part of the winery, the crush pad is where the winery meets the vineyard and the process of turning grapes into wine begins. If the term conjures up a mental image of grapes being crushed into juice and pulp, you’re on the right track. Thanks to the evolution of winemaking technology, however, a crush pad is now simply the area where harvested grapes are processed—we don’t actually crush them anymore.

Read post

How Do You Know When to Harvest Grapes?

Late summer and fall represent a magical time in the vineyard, with row after row of vines brimming with fruit slowly approaching ripeness. But how do we know when it’s the perfect time to harvest the grapes? It’s a harder question than it may seem, with weather, variety, desired wine style, and even the winemaker’s personal preferences and experiences each playing a role. Like most aspects of the winemaking process, it’s a combination of science, experience, and intuition.

Read post

How Is Wine Made?

One of the oldest human traditions, winemaking spans the entirety of recorded history and likely existed long before we got the idea to record history. The finer details of how wine is made have evolved over the millennia, but the basic process remains the same: grapes are harvested, their juice is fermented, and the result is wine. The particulars would fill a library, but we’ll examine the basic steps of winemaking for starters.

Read post

How Does a Winemaker Buy Wine?

Coming face to face with a wall of wines at your local shop can be an intimidating experience. Should you select by price? Favorite varietal? Prettiest label? With so many options and just the shelf talkers to go on, you may feel paralyzed by the possibilities.

Read post

What Are the Sulfites in Wine?

Sulfites. You’ve probably heard the term used in regards to wine … but what are they? Do 2Hawk wines contain them? Why are there sulfites in wine, anyway? A natural byproduct of fermentation, sulfites are present in all wines to a degree. More than just a byproduct, they’re a powerful, natural preservative and essential to the winemaking process.

Read post

Can You Taste the Tannins in Wine?

“What are tannins, and can you taste them in wine?” We get questions like this fairly often in the 2Hawk Vineyard & Winery tasting room. Found naturally in grapes, tannins are antioxidant polyphenols that impart dryness, astringency, and mouthfeel to wines. They play a crucial role in the winemaking process, starting at harvest and continuing on even as wines age in the bottle.

Read post

What Makes the Rogue Valley Perfect for Wine Growing?

Boasting 180 vineyards spanning over 4,000 acres, Southern Oregon’s Rogue Valley is home to more than 70 different varieties, totaling some 10,000 tons of grapes each year. But what makes the Rogue Valley so special, and why do so many wineries call this region home? Just like a great wine, it’s a careful balance of the right factors.

Read post

Tasting room open daily 1 to 7 pm

2335 North Phoenix Road | Medford, OR | 541.779.wine